Detecting different water table levels in a shallow aquifer with combined P-, surface and SH-wave surveys: Insights from VP/VS or Poisson’s ratios

When applied to hydrogeology, seismicmethods are generally confined to the characterisation of aquifer geometry. The joint study of pressure- (P) and shear- (S) wave velocities (VP and VS) can provide supplementary information and improve the understanding of aquifer systems. This approach is proposed here with the estimation of VP/VS ratios in a stratified aquifer system characterised by tabular layers, well-delineated thanks to Electrical Resistivity Tomography, log and piezometer data. We carried out seismic surveys under two hydrological conditions (high and low flow regimes) to retrieve VS from both surface-wave dispersion inversion and SH-wave refraction interpretation, while VP were obtained from P-wave refraction interpretation. P-wave first arrivals provided 1D VP structures in very good agreement with the stratification and the water table level. Both VS models are similar and remain consistent with the stratification. The theoretical dispersion curves computed from both VS models present a good fit with the maxima of dispersion images, even in areas where dispersion curves could not be picked. Furthermore, VP/VS and Poisson’s ratios computed with VS models obtained from both methods show a strong contrast for both flow regimes at depths consistent with the water table level, with distinct values corresponding to partially and fully saturated sediments. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Sylvain Pasquet1,2,3, Ludovic Bodet1,2,3, Amine Dhemaied4, Amer Mouhri1,2,3,5, Quentin Vitale1,2,3, Fayçal Rejiba1,2,3, Nicolas Flipo5, Roger Guérin1,2,3)

<em>V<sub>P</sub>/V<sub>S</sub></em> (c. for LW) and Poisson's ratios (d. for LW) computed with <em>V<sub>S</sub></em> models retrieved

VP/VS (c. for LW) and Poisson’s ratios (d. for LW) computed with VS models retrieved from SH-wave refraction interpretation (in green) and surface-wave dispersion inversion (in red). In any case, VP/VS and Poisson’s ratios are computed with VP retrieved from P-wave refraction interpretation. (e) Water content measurements performed on auger sounding samples collected during the LWcampaign (soil samples could not be collected during the HWcampaign due to unfavourable weather conditions).

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  1. Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7619 METIS, F-75005 Paris, France
  2. CNRS, UMR 7619 METIS, F-75005 Paris, France
  3. EPHE, UMR 7619 METIS, F-75005 Paris, France
  4. École des Ponts ParisTech, UMR 8205 CERMES, F-77420 Champs-sur-Marne, France
  5. Mines ParisTech, Centre de Géosciences, F-77300 Fontainebleau, France